(Italian: Napoli) is the capital city of the Italian region of Campania. The city is known for its rich history, art, culture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,800 years old. Naples is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, sitting on the coast by the Gulf of Naples. Founded by the Ancient Greeks as "Νεάπολις", Neápolis (New City), it held an important role in Magna Graecia and then as part of the Roman Republic in the central province of the Empire. Naples was the capital city of a kingdom which bore its name from 1282 until 1816 in the form of the Kingdom of Naples, then in union with Sicily it was the capital of the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification. The city is synonymous with pizza, which originated in the city. A strong part of Neapolitan culture which has had wide reaching effects is music, including the invention of the romantic guitar and the mandolin as well as strong contributions to opera and folk standards. There are popular characters and figures who have come to symbolize Naples; these include the patron saint of the city Januarius, Pulcinella, and the Sirens from the epic Greek poem the Odyssey.
Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples. Along with Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was destroyed, and completely buried, during a long catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days in AD 79. The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under many meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, it is both one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with 2,571,725 visitors in 2007.

Sorrento, a popular resort area in Italy, is situated on a peninsula in the Gulf of Naples, 31 miles south of the city of Naples. The town can be reached easily from Naples and Pompeii, as it lies at the south-eastern end of the Circumvesuviana rail line. The town overlooks the bay of Naples, as the key place of the Sorrentine Peninsula, and many viewpoints in the city allow sight of Naples itself (visible across the bay), Vesuvius and the island of Capri. Ferryboats and hydrofoils provide services to Naples, Amalfi, Positano, Capri and Ischia.

Sorrento's sea cliffs are impressive and its luxury hotels have attracted famous personalities, including Enrico Caruso and Luciano Pavarotti. Sorrento is famous for the production of Limoncello, an alcoholic digestive made from lemon rinds, alcohol, water and sugar. Other agricultural production includes citrus fruit, wine, nuts and olives. The historical center of Naples and the ruins of
Pompeii are both UNESCO’s World Heritage sites. We encourage the students to participate to this Field Trip, especially to let them discover the beauties of the southern cities, the Mediterranean Sea and how it is reflected by the local culture.

Official website of Naples, Click here or Sorrento, Click here. Enjoy!
  • Something about the region of Naples, Sorrento and Pompeii: Campania

    Capital: Naples
     • President: Stefano Caldoro (Forza Italia–NPSI)
     • Total: 13,590 km2 (5,250 sq mi)
    Population (30 September 2011)
     • Total: 5,760,090
     • Density: 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
    Time zone: CET (UTC+1)
     • Summer (DST)
    CEST (UTC+2)
    GDP/ Nominal: €96.3[1] billion (2008)
    GDP per capita: €16,400[2] (2008)

    Website: www.regione.campania.it